The British Columbia Digital
Digital Library Collections By Subject: Science and
See also Engineering Health and Medicine.
- Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia, PA), Digital
Collections. Digital facsimiles of 19th century natural history publications
pertaining to the United States are available as Adobe Acrobat PDF images
integrated into the academy's online library catalog. The digital collections
include 19th century and earlier artwork of flora and fauna from around
the world. The academy is also digitizing botanical specimens collected
by Lewis and Clark on their expedition across the United States in 1804-1806.
Date added: 2002-08-25.
- ACM Digital Library.
Part of the  ACM Portal.  New York, NY: Association for Computing
Machinery. Note: All content is for sale. Due to the importance of this
site to the history of digital libraries, it is included here. It is possible
free access to the bibliographic database may be eliminated in the future.
Date added: 2002-01-10. Date updated: 2002-01-10.
(Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture). Rome, Italy: Food and
Agriculture Organization, United Nations, 2003. Summary: " ...an initiative to provide free or low-cost access to major scientific journals in
agriculture and related biological, environmental and social sciences to public
institutions in developing countries. AGORA is available to students and researchers in qualifying not-for-profit
institutions in eligible developing countries." Bibliographic data relating
to the journals and article abstracts can be searched by anyone. CABI Pubilishing
provides the abstract database (CAB Abstracts AGORA Subset). Date accessed:
2004-03-27. Date added: 2004-03-27.
- Albumen Photographs: History,
Science and Preservation (Edited by John Burke and others hosted by
Stanford University). Launched on September 23, 2000, site includes a library
of full-text, searchable articles and monographs (19th and 20th centuries) in
HTML format on albumen photographic technology.
- The Alchemy
Web Site. Glasgow, Scotland, UK: Adam McLean. HTML transcriptions of
alchemy texts dating back to the 16th century and earlier. Includes many
background resources on alchemy. Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added:
- Alexander von Humboldt Digital Library.
Offenburg, Germany: University of Applied Sciences. " A research project in cooperation with American and German
Summary (Text archive > Online text research): " This is a pilot prototype of a multimedia online digital archive on Alexander
von Humboldt as a digital network." Date accessed: 2004-09-08. Date added:
- Allen Newell
Collection (Carnegie Mellon University Libraries). Multimedia archive of
this important computer scientist's research career. Selected portions of his
research papers are available as digital facsimiles. Allen Newell (1927-1992)
was a pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence and cognitive
Project. Berlin: Max Planck Institute for the History of Science Cambridge, MA:
Harvard University. Summary: " The Archimedes Project aims to create a testbed for developing and exploring
model interactive environments for the history of mechanics. It will also serve
as a proof-of-concept project for open digital libraries on topics in the
history of science, and is designed to integrate research and knowledge
dissemination in new ways." Includes incunabula (pre-1501 printed works). Alternate URLs: Harvard University Workbench
Max Planck Institute Workbench (http://archimedes.mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de/arch/archimedes.new.html).  Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
- Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education Digital Library. Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education. Alternate title: AACE Digital Library. Summary: " The Digital Library is a valuable online resource of peer-reviewed and published international journal articles and proceedings papers on the latest research, developments, and applications related to all aspects of Educational Technology and E-Learning." A subscription
is required to access full-text content which can be searched or browsed, along with viewing abstracts, at no cost. Date accessed: 2004-10-05. Date added: 2004-10-05.
- Bologna Science Classics Online. Bologna,
Italy: International Centre for the History of Universities and Science,
Department of Philosophy, University of Bologna. Summary: " With the support of the Italian National Research Council (CNR, Cultural
Heritage Project), CIS is developing a new series of science classics that will
be available full text online.  The series will include texts that have
reached a world-wide reputation, and are linked to the practice of science at
the University of Bologna over the centuries." Date accessed: 2004-08-28. Date added: 2004-08-28.
- Cefael, Collections de l'Ecole française d'Athènes en ligne (Online Collections of the French School of Athens). Athens, Ecole française d'Athènes, 2003-. Browsable/searchable collection of publications issued by the French School of Athens since the 1870s. The school, founded in 1846,  mainly studies the prehistory and history of Greece, primarily through archaeological data. Date accessed: 2005-10-22. Date added: 2005-10-22.
- California Explores the Ocean. San Diego, CA: University of California, San Diego, Libraries, and San Diego Historical Society. Summary: " ... a collaborative endeavor to make primary
source collections available from the Scripps Institution of
Oceanography Archives, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, and
San Diego Historical Society. Covering several California ocean-related
collections, textual, pictorial, and audio resources have been united
as a virtual collection to which materials can be added in the future
by the initial participants, and, through metadata, by others with
significant resources relevant to California oceans and oceanography."
Date accessed: 2005-05-23. Date added: 2005-05-23.
- CiteSeer Scientific Literature Digital Library.
Princeton, NJ: NEC Laboratories America. Summary: " CiteSeer is a scientific literature digital library that aims to improve
the dissemination and feedback of scientific literature .... CiteSeer indexes Postscript and PDF
research articles on the Web...." In addition to direct links from the
results page, CiteSeer also stores the documents it indexes. Date accessed:
2004-01-15. Date added: 2004-01-15.
- Le Conservatoire numérique des Arts &
Métiers. Paris, France: Conservatoire national des arts et métiers. Partially
searchable or browsable digital facsimiles (GIF) of works dating between
the 16th and 20th centuries. The library is self-contained with its own
navgiational tool for reading these publications. Date added: 2002-09-08.
- CORDLink Digital Library (Geological
Survey of Canada, Pacific Division BC Geological Survey and UBC Department of
Earth and Ocean Sciences). Multimedia collection documenting the geology of the
Canadian Cordillera. Includes maps, documents (publications), and images
(photographs). The free Autodesk MapGuide Web browser plug-in is required to
view the interactive maps. Date updated: 2003-03-20.
- Core Historical Literature of Agriculture. Ithaca, NY: Albert R. Mann Library, Cornell University, January 2005-. Summary: " The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA) is a core electronic collection of agricultural texts published between the early nineteenth century and the middle to late twentieth century. Full-text materials cover agricultural economics, agricultural engineering, animal science, crops and their protection, food science,forestry,
human nutrition, rural sociology, and soil science. Scholars have selected the titles in this collection for their historical importance. Their evaluations and 4,500 core titles are detailed in the seven volume series The Literature of the Agricultural Sciences, Wallace C. Olsen, series editor." Date accessed: 2006 01 15. Date added: 2006-01-15.
- Daguerreian Texts (The Daguerreian Society).
A wide selection of 19th and 20th century texts (periodical articles, book
extracts, and archival records) in HTML format  about the daguerreotype,
the first commercially success photographic process released in 1839. Additional
links to other texts about the daguerreotype are found in the Daguerreian
Links section. Date added: 2001-12-04.
- Development of Mechanical Knowledge in China.
" A joint research project conducted by the Partner Group of the Max Planck
Institute for the History of Science at the Institute for the History of
Natural Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences." As of March 6, 2004,
includes digital facsimiles of China monumentis
by Athanasius Kircher (1667) Tiangong Kaiwu
(Exploitation of the Works of Nature) by Song Yingxing
and Yuanxi Qiqi Tushuo Luzui
(Collected diagrams and explanations of wonderful machines from the far west)
translated and compiled by Johann Terrenz (Schreck) and Wang Zheng (1627). Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
- The Digital Daguerreian Archive Project
(Gregory Walker). As of December 2001, the project contains two 19th century
books about the dagurreotype in ASCII or Rich Text Format (RTF) with GIF
illustrations in a ZIP archive, and an article in ASCII about the Autochrome
process. Date added: 2001-12-04.
- DoHistory. Harvard University. " A site that shows you how to
piece together the past from the fragments that have survived. Our case
study: Martha Ballard." Martha Ballard (1735-1812) was an American  midwife
and the centerpiece of this site is a digital facsimile and transcription
of the diary she kept for 27 years (1785-1812). Supporting documents in
the form and archival records and publications are also available for study. Date accessed: 2002-09-17. Date added: 2002-09-17.
- ebrary contains
freely viewable books (requires download of ebrary Reader) on computers,
science and technology. Date added: 2002-02-10.
(European Cultural Heritage Online). Berlin, Germany: Max Planck Institute
for the History of Science and others. Digital facsimiles that document
the achievements and diffusion of Western and Eastern civilizations beginning with Sumerian
cuneiform tablets (3000 B.C.) as represented in the CDLI
and ranging across time  and  topics to the 20th cenutry. Date accessed: 2004-03-06.
Date added: 2004-03-06. Date updated: 2005-02-27.
- ECHO: Exploring and Collecting History
Online: Science and Technology. Fairfax, VA: Center for History and
New Media, George Mason University. Date accessed: 2002-10-23. Date added:
- eConf: Electronic
Conference Proceedings Archive (Hosted by Stanford Linear Accelerator Center,
Stanford University, for the U.S. Department of Energy). Proceedings of
scientific conferences in high-energy physics and related fields.
- Einstein Archives Online.
" A joint project of the Albert Einstein Archives
and the David and Fela Shapell
Digitization Project at the Jewish National and University
Library, the Hebrew University
of Jerusalem, [and] the Einstein Papers Project at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena."
Full-text resources include over 900 digitized manuscripts (ca. 3,000 high-resolution
images). Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
- Electronic Publications Index. Agassiz and Summerland, BC: Pacific Agri-food
Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Browse for publications relating to agricultural research performed by these  two British Columbia research centres operated by the Federal government. Date updated: 2005-06-19.
- e-Print Archive (arXiv.org).
Automated print archives dating back to 1991 which disseminates research into
physics, mathematics, nonlinear sciences and computer science. Documents are
available in a variety of electronic formats, including Adobe PDF files
generated dynamically. Site is mirrored world wide.
Corporate Document Repository. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
View documents online in HTML or download as Adobe Acrobat PDF files. Searches
are by keyword, title keyword, or through an advanced search interface for
meetings, publications or articles. This site is part of the FAO
Virtual Library. Date accessed: 2002-12-26. Date added: 2002-12-26.
- Flora and Fauna of the Great Lakes Region:
A Multimedia Digital Collection. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Library
Fish and Mammals Divisions, Museum of Zoology Fungus Collections, University Herbarium.
The project started in October 2000, with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services
to September 2002, and its main goals are " the development of increased access to the Great Lakes region Flora and
Fauna portions of the Museums collections" and
the development of an extensible infrastructure for putting Natural History
collections online." There are three types of searches: by collection,
by geographic location, and by keyword. The site includes links to other
resources relating to digitized natural history collections.  Date accessed:
2002-12-18. Date added: 2002-12-18.
Digitale (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze, Italy). Selected digital
facsimiles of works by Galileo via an Italian-only database. Requires a
Java-enabled Web browser to view the document images.
Galilei's Notes on Motion." Joint Project of Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence,
Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza, Florence, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin." Digital
facsimile of Galileo's manuscript Ms. Gal. 72. Bilingual interface (English
and Italian). Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
Archivi Digitali Integrati di Risorse Galileiane (Integrated Digital
Repository of Galileian Resources). Florence, Italy: Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza (Institute
and Museum of the History of Science). Bilingual interface (Italiam and
English). Variant title: Archivio Integrato Galileo. See also: IMSS
Digital Library. Date accessed: 2004-08-23. Date added: 2004-08-23.
& Science Digital Library. " ... a cutting-edge, collaborative project between the Gender & Diversities Institute at EDC [Education
Development Center, Inc.] and the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse at Ohio State
University, funded by the National Science
Foundation (NSF). ... The primary objective of the GSDL is to create a high-quality, interactive
library of gender and science STEM resources for K-12, higher education
(community college and university), women's studies, teacher preparation
programs, and informal learning environments." Date accessed: 2002-10-09.
Date added: 2002-10-09.
- Geology of Lehigh and Northampton
Works. Bethlehem, PA:
Library and Technology Services, Lehigh University. Multimedia digital
collection, including a searchable/browsable two volume Pennsylvania Geological Survey book (1939-1941)
and the  Guidebook to Places of Geologic Interest in the Lehigh
Valley Pennsylvania (1939 Adobe PDF file) by Benjamin L. Miller (1874-1944),
a geologist and professor of geology at Lehigh University. Site uses ContentDM.
Date accessed: 2003-12-19. Date added: 2003-12-19.
- GetInfo. Hannover, Germany:
Universitätsbibliothek Hannover und Technische
Informationsbibliothek. Search this free database for science and technology
literature detailed abstracts for electronic journals are available. The
articles themselves must be purchased via a subscription to GetInfo or on
a one-time basis. Date accessed: 2002-10-07. Date added: 2002-10-07.
Macrocosmica by Andreas Cellarius (1661). Searchable/browsable digital
facsimile of this astronomical atlas produced by University of Utah's Marriott
- Harvard Sciences Digital Library. Cambridge, MA: Physics Research Library, Department of Physics, Harvard University, 2004-. A DSpace repository of Harvard University electronic documents. Date accessed: 2004-10-04. Date added: 2004-10-04.
Press (Stanford University Libraries). Online full-text journal articles. A
set of links to other free full-text science publications is available.
Series (Agriculture Canada and Canada's Digital Collections). Digital
facsimiles in HTML format of monographs on various facets of Canada's
agricultural history in which the Canadian government played a part.
- IMSS Digital Library.
Florence, Italy: Istituto e Museo di Storia della Scienza (Institute and
Museum of the History of Science). Bilingual interface (Italiam and English).
Includes works by Galileo, with the earliest publication dating to 1540.
Over 36,000 images relating to the iconography of science are also available.
See also: Galileo//thek. Date accessed: 2004-08-23.
Date added: 2004-08-23.
- InformIT Free Library.
Indianapolis, IN: InformIT Division, Pearson Education. Searchable/browsable
collection of full-text works on computing science and information technology.
Most of the titles are about non-current versions of programming languages
or computer technology. Date accessed: 2002-02-10. Date added: 002-02-10.
(Ian C. Johnston hosted by Liberal Studies Department, Malaspina
University-College). Includes several full-text works important to the history
of science in HTML format.
- Livingstone Online: Explore the medical writings of David Livingstone. London, Eng.: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL. Summary: " The aim of Livingstone Online is to use the potential of electronic publishing to make available an online edition of the medical and scientific correspondence of David Livingstone. Our efforts in this regard have been kindly funded by the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL
and the Wellcome Trust." Date accessed: 2010-04-28.
Date added: 2010-04-28.
- Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée, Bibliothèque numérique. Created by the library of this research institute in Lyons, France, this digitized collection contains  50 public-domain works in various languages and from various dates pertaining to ancient Egyptian and Graeco-Roman civilizations, and the history of archaeology. Date accessed: 2005-09-25. Date added: 2005-09-25.
- mémSIC: mémoires de 3ème cycle en Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication. " This is a WEB site of the INIST-CNRS and URFIST of Nice in collaboration with the CCSD/CNRS and the server is hosted by the Computing Center of the IN2P3 in Lyon (France)." Searchable/browsable open archive (self-archiving) server of academic work in the fields of information science and communication. The site uses eprints.org open archive
software. Date accessed: 2005-02-27. Date added: 2005-02-27.
- MendelWeb. Roger B. Blumberg,
1997. Summary: " MendelWeb is an educational resource for teachers and students interested in the
origins of classical genetics, introductory data analysis, elementary plant
science, and the history and literature of science. Constructed around Gregor
Mendel's 1865 paper 'Versuche über
Pflanzen-Hybriden' and a revised version of the English translation by C.T.
Druery and William Bateson, 'Experiments in Plant
Hybridization', MendelWeb is offered as a public sourcebook and
collaborative environment compatible with a variety of guided and independent
Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Botanicus. Summary: " a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library." Date accessed: 2010-04-10. Date added: 2010-04-10.
- The NASA Astrophysics Data System: The Digital Library for Physics, Astrophysics, and Instrumentation. Hosted by the
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. ADS consists of " four bibliographic databases containing more than 2.9 million records: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Instrumentation, Physics and Geophysics, and preprints in Astronomy. The main body of data in the ADS consists of bibliographic records, which are searcheable through our Abstract Service query forms, and full-text scans of much of the astronomical literature which can be browsed though our Browse interface."
Date accessed: 2002-10-09. Date added: 2002-10-09.
- National Science Digital Library.
Boulder, CO: National Science Digital Library. The NSDL is funded by the
National Science Foundation and background information on its development
is found in the NSF's Division
of Undergraduate Education. Content is targeted for online dissemination
beginning in December 2002. Date accessed: 2002-09-18. Date added: 2002-09-18.
- National Transportation Library. Washington,
D.C.: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation.
" A virtual library for the transportation community," this library
offers an international  Digital Collection on transportation subjects
that you can keyword search or browse by category. Date accessed: 2004-08-06.
Date added: 2004-08-06.
- The Newton Project. London, England: Centre for History of Science,
Technology and Medicine, Imperial College London, in collaboration with Cambridge University. Summary: " Created in 1998, the Newton Project seeks to make available in electronic form
facsimiles and transcriptions of these manuscripts and to display their original
connections, along with full documentation relating to Newton's reading such as
written notes and annotations. In addition to this, we intend to produce a
complete printed edition of these texts, based on a diplomatic transcription of
the relevant parts of Newton's manuscript nachlass, and accompanied where
necessary by translations and a full critical apparatus." In some cases manuscript digitization and transcription is occurring within institutions outside the United Kingdom that preserve Newton's writings. Date accessed: 2005-10-27. Date added: 2005-10-27.
Century Scientific American Online. Partial digital facsimile and HTML
representation of the first two volumes of Scientific American. A
partial, keyword-searchable index to volumes 1 through 14 is also
- Nineteenth-Century Texts On the Daguerreotype (Secrets of the Dark Chamber: The Art of the American Daguerreotype hosted in Helios: Photography Online, Smithsonian American Art Museum). A selection of 19th and 20th century texts (periodical articles, book
extracts, and archival records) in HTML format  about the daguerreotype.
Date added: 2001-12-04.
Research Press Journals (National Research Council of Canada). Full-text
access only to Canadian Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to several Canadian
and international journals in Adobe PDF files.
(Open Access to Scientific Literature Online): Karlsruher Virtueller Volltextkatalog.
Karlsruhe, Germany: Universitätsbibliothek, Universität Karlsruhe. Bilingual
(German and English) full-text search service to scientific publications
available in various institutional repositories in  Germany and elsewhere.
Date accessed: 2004-03-06. Date added: 2004-03-06.
- Once Upon a
Mine: Story of Pre-Confederation Mines on the Island of Newfoundland by
Wendy Martin. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, special volume 26
(c1983). Online edition hosted by Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site
Project. Text is searchable.
- Progetto scienza
per tutti: archivio storico del Dipartimento di Astronomia. Bologna,
Italy: Dipartimento di
Astronomia [and] Sistema Museale d'Ateneo, Università degli Studi di Bologna,
2000-. Digital facsimile collection of works by three astronomers, Eustachio Manfredi, Vittorio Francesco Stancari and Eustachio Zanotti,  relating
to their studies  at the Bologna Observatory, along with links to other
digitized historical works held by the university's library. Date accessed:
2004-08-28. Date added: 2004-08-28.
Linnaeus (Published by Centre international d’étude du XVIIIe
siècle, Ferney-Voltaire, and International Society for
Eighteenth-Century Studies hosted by Rutgers University). International
collaborative project funded by Swedish sources to make the correspondence of
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) available on the Web:
- Public Library of Science. San Francisco, CA. Founded in October 2000, the Public Library of Science " is a nonprofit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a public resource." The PLoS established itself as a publisher of open access journals in 2003. Date added: 2007-02-05.
- PubliCentrale: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Publications. Ottawa, ON: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Search for and view or download agricultural research publications in HTML or Adobe PDF formats. Date accessed: 2005-06-19. Date added: 2005-06-19.
- Publications of the U.S.
Geological Survey (Community of Science). Search or browse for all online
publications of the USGS in its four fields of scientific and research
interest: biology, geology, mapping, and water. The
USGS Web site provides alternate access to
the same sources tracked through the COS site.
- Retrospektive Digitalisierung
wissenschaftlicher Rezensionsorgane und Literaturzeitschriften des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts aus dem deutschen Sprachraum. Biefeld,
Germany: Bibliothek, Universität Biefeld.
Full-text searchable or browsable collection of German language science
and literary magazines. Several  of these magazines reported on global
events from a German perspective. Date added: 2002-09-04. Date updated:
- SciELO: Scientific Electronic Library Online.
São Paulo, Brazil: FAPESP BIREME. Trilingual interface: English, Portuguese
and Spanish. Date accessed: 2002-10-10. Date added: 2002-10-10.
- Science.gov: FirstGov for Science.
Launched on December 5, 2002, " Science.gov is a gateway to authoritative selected
science information provided by U.S. Government agencies, including research and
development results." Full-text documents can be found by searching for
" text" . Information can be accessed through a classification system
or by keyword searches. Date accessed: 2002-12-18. Date added: 2002-12-18.
- SIOExplorer Digital Library. San Diego, CA: Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Summary: " Data, documents and images from 822 expeditions by the Scripps Institution
of Oceanography (SIO) since 1903 are becoming
under a usage
policy through the new SIOExplorer project, and will become part of
the overall NSF-funded National Science Digital Library (NSDL).  The
effort is a collaboration among researchers at Scripps, computer scientists from the San Diego
Supercomputer Center (SDSC), and archivists and librarians from the UCSD
Library."   Date  accessed: 2005-05-23. Date  added: 2005-05-23.
- Virtual Library of Energy,
Science, and Technology Information (United States, Office of Scientific
and Technical Information). The EnergyFiles link is a search gateway
(EnergyPortal Search) to over 500 Web sites and more than two dozen databases
on the subject of energy. Searches can be tailored to specific topics or
databases, and a subject list of predefined searches is available. Some content
may be restricted to United States Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.
- The Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers. Washington,
DC: American Memory, Library of Congress, 2003. Digitized items from the
Manuscript Division and the Prints and Photographs Division pertaining to
the Wright brothers' efforts to create the " world's first powered, controlled and sustained flight. Included in the
collection are correspondence, diaries and notebooks, scrapbooks, drawings,
printed matter, and other documents, as well as the Wrights' collection of
glass-plate photographic negatives." Date accessed: 2004-03-27. Date added:
- World Conservation
Digital Library (World Conservation Union [International Union for
Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources] hosted by University of
California, Berkeley). Demonstration database of bibliographic records linked
to full-text documents acquired by the World Conservation Union.
- The Writings of Charles Darwin on the Web. Edited by Dr. John van Wyhe. HTML transcriptions of published works by Charles Darwin, who wrote The On the Origin of  Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859). Date accessed: 2004-10-28. Date added: 2004-10-28.
Compiled by David
Mattison, Victoria Telecommunity
Network, BC. Copyright © 2000-2011 by the
BC Community Network Association. This
site may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion without the
consent of the BCCNA.